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Plato was a disciple of Socrates, Plato is credited with the authorship of "The Banquet," "Republic" and "Phaedo." As well as for Jesus, his method of teaching were the parables, for Plato is the Socratic Method or Mayeutic dialogues. The Phaedo is a dialogue, that tells the last moments of the life of Socrates and it is at this time that the teacher of Plato gives to his friends and disciples his final teachings: the immortality of the soul and life after death.
The theses of Plato to demonstrate the immortality of the soul are:
1) When there are two opposites, the one implies the other, such as sleeping and being awake are contrary. Awakening comes from sleeping and vice versa. In analogy, dying and living are opposites. According to Plato, this would mean that the livings come from the deads and vice versa.
2) The knowledge by analogy, that is to say "learning" in many cases, would only be a remembering. That is, we carry with us a prior knowledge of the things, so when a knowledge is acquired this brings another that would not be but from a "memory" of another life.
3) The existence of the plane of the essences or the world of the ideas, that is to say, exists by itself "the good", "the beautiful". The soul according to Platon would oscillate between two planes the physical (substances) and that of the essences (ideas). Being the first temporary and changeable and the other eternal.
The meditation according to Plato consists in separating the soul from the body, concentrating the soul in itself. Thence, he affirms:

"Those who philosophize in the correct sense of the word are exercised in dying"
Book Phaedo, of Plato.

Why does God allow evil? If God is eternal and omnipotent why evil exists? In philosophy, the existence of evil supposes for some authors the denial of God. To understand the problem of evil frst we must understand the metaphysics of Aristotle. Aristotle explains the difference between the act (the existence) and the potency(the capacity to do something). Aristoteles argues that the act of the good is better than the potency of the good, because in act we are sick or healthy but potentially we can be either healthy or sick, in the act of the good it cannot be simultaneously the opposites, they mutually excluded. This means that the act is more perfect and complete than the potency. On the other hand, in the evil the act is worse than the potency, in other words, there is a loss in the process from the later to the previous, at some point of the process we arrive at a good.
From this follows a conclusion that is very important for the Theology of Thomas Aquinas: "Evil does not exist separate from the sensible objects. "Consequently, between the primordial and eternal things, there is neither evil nor error nor corruption". Book IX, Chapter IX, Book of Metaphysics of Aristotle. Thomas Aquinas explains that evil needs a good as a support or base because every being is good, good is a nature because it is the final cause of the beings: the fruit is good when it is mature, the house It's good when it's finished. As for the evil Thomas Aquinas says: "we say bad to the man deprived of virtue." That is, for Metaphysics there is no "ontological evil" and this idea is retaken by Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine in the scholastic philosophy.
San Agustin in his book Confessions analyzes what is the time and why evil exists. As for evil, he concludes saying that it exists simply because there is free will, because we have freedom of choice, from there the affirmation in the Bible that says:

God made man from the beginning, and left him in the hand of his own counsel.
Ecclesiasticus (The book of Sirach) 15:14


Aristotle in his book Politics teach about the organization of man in community. Aristotle states: "political regime is an organization of the city, of its magistracies and especially of the one that has authority over all" Chapter 6 Book 3. Then he affirms: "all regimes that look at the common good are correct..., and that those who attend only to the particular of the rulers are erroneous and all of them are deviations from the righteous regime, because they are despotic and the city is the community of free men "C 6 L 3.
Aristotle enumerates the correct forms: monarchy, the government of only one; Aristocracy the government of few but more than one; and republic the government of the majority. The corresponding deviations are: tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Aristotle enumerates and describes with its own problems the different forms of organization of a city (political), but he does not describe how the ethical or righteous regime arise and is manteined, wich is  the true end of the science about the social life and the organization of the human community , the politics.
Jesus explains to us in the Parable of the Good Samaritan that we sin or live righteously. The rectitude is always acting by ethical principles: "do for others what you would like them to do for you", Matthew 7:12. When the rectitude of men is imposed, the social rectitude generates a form of ethical community organization: the communion or life in common.
The communion is like God desires  men to live, communion is the empire of righteousness among men, communion is life in common because everything attends to concord (union of hearts) and to the common good, this is the only regime truly ethical either of one, of a few or of the majority. Such is the importance of the communion that is a sacrament within the Christian religion.
When men cease to be "precise and exact," that is, they abandon ethics, and practice the error, cultivating only the private interests and seeking the false goods, we never know when an evil may arrive and ravage and destroys the community; summarizing the problem of the error and the search of the false goods in a community Aristotle concludes:

"From the false goods will ever come a true evil", Book IV, C XII, Book Politics, Aristotle.


  • New book retired from Editorial
    Friday, 11 July 2014 17:08
    New book retired from Editorial

    The latest version of the tractate in spanish retired from Editorial Dunken on July 11, 2014

  • The new book in Editorial Dunken
    Friday, 11 July 2014 17:29
    The new book in Editorial Dunken

    You can buy the lastest version of the tractate more complete than the free version in the web in Editorial Dunken, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

  • Interview in Radio Fm Signs 92.5
    Tuesday, 15 July 2014 11:05
    Interview in Radio Fm Signs 92.5

    My interview in the program of Estela, the Pandora`s Box, on Fm Signs. Tuesday 10 to 11 a.m. in 92.5 Fm. Link to the radio:

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