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The teachings of Jesus in the Gospel of Saint Matthew begin with the promulgation of the Kingdom of God in the Sermon on the Mount, this invitation to enter into the Kingdom of God is expressed in the famous 8 beatitudes or promises. The Kingdom of God begins with this teaching: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven", Matthew 5:3.
Thomas Aquinas teach us about the beatitudes: "all the beatitudes belong to the perfection of the spiritual life", and this corresponds to poverty, to leave everything for the Kingdom of God.
There is a teaching of Jesus about poverty, the story of the young rich:"Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, "Teacher, what good things must I do to get eternal life?". "Why do you ask me about what is good?" Jesus replied. "There is only one who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments". "Which ones? he inquired". Jesus replied, "You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself". "All these I have kept", the young man said. "What do I steal lack?". Jesus answered, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possesions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me". When the young man heard these, he went away sad, because he had great wealth". Matthew 19:16-22.
Jesus calls us to avoid the pride that comes from the accumulation of wealth: "Someone in the crowd said to him, "Teacher tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me". Jesus replied, "Man, who appointed me a judge or an arbiter between you? Then he said to them, "Watch out" Be on your guard against all kind of greed; life does not consist in an abundance of possessions", Luke 12:13-15.
We must understand the concept of poverty of spirit as "spiritual begging", as an attitude of humility and devotion to the wisdom of God. To have poverty of spirit corresponds to the gift Piety or Fear of the Lord, as Thomas Aquinas explains in the Summa Theologiae. This is why it is the first beatitude. The Kingdom of God begins with the Piety: "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom" Proverbs 9:10.

 

In the Letter to the Ephesians, the apostle Paul tells us about the armor of the christian:

Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil's schemes. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but agains the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, stand. Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place, and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace. In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can stinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one. Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the spirit, which is the word of God. Ephesians 6:11-17

The apostle Paul makes us an exortation to spiritual warfare, the reference in the gospels to this concept is frequent, the idea behind this, it is how to confront the suffering that generates the evil. The world is a certain sense belongs to those who are oppose to the beatitudes and for this we need more than the instruction given by wisdom.
Aristoteles makes an interesting analysis in his book about Metaphysics: the nature of evil is hate. A nature is towards what the being tends in its development. The evil in its development tends towards the hate and the fury. Fighting and confronting hate, seeking the truth through perseverance is the essence of spiritual warfare.
For Paul, justice is not enough. The truth, that is to say the precise and the exact, is the belt, the righteousness is the breastplate, the peace the footwear to walk, the faith (to accept the creed) the shield, the salvation the helmet, and the sword the word of God (inspired wisdom).
Examples of the spiritual warfare and its armor are the passion of Christ where Jesus suffers the betrayal of Judas and he is crucified; St. Augustine in his book Confessions where the author narrates his resistance to sin to achieve the truth and the salvation; and the personage of Job in his Book where he resists the stalks and misfortunes of evil.

Jesus makes many references to the eye of the mind or third eye:

"Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eyes are healthy, your whole body also is full of light. But when they are unhealthy, your body also is full of darkness". Luke 11:34

When we talk about the third eye we talk about all the phenomena related to the reading of thoughts. In other words, we talk about "reading thoughts", not about "hearing voices". The first phenomenon is related with the integration of the mind, the second to division (disorders related to schizophrenia). The third eye is what gives rise to the concept of the Oracle.
When we speak of the third eye we speak about all the communication with the plane of wisdom, this communication may consist of:
1) Do divine justice, and discern between good and evil, detecting deception, like Jesus and the prostitute: "Teacher this woman was caught in the act of the adultery. In the law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him. But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger. When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, "Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone to her". John 8:1-7
2) Guess the future, along with God's opinion about a matter, question or doubt, such as Joseph and Pharaoh in the book of Genesis: "Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I had a dream, and no one can interpret it. But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it". "I cannot do it", Joseph replied to Pharaoh, "but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires". Then the Pharaoh said to Joseph, "In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile, when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds. After them, seven other cows came up - scrawny and very ugly and lean. I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt. The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first. But even after they ate them, no one could tell that they had done so; they looked just as ugly as before. Then I woke up. In my dream I saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk. After them, seven other heads sprouted - withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. I told these to the magicians, but none of them could explain it to me. Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, "The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same. God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do". Book of Genesis 41: 15-44.
3) Know hidden things like the three wise men and King Herod: Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appreared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, Go and search carefully for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him. After they had heard the King, they went on their way, and the star they had seen when it rose went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was...And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country in another route. Matthew 2:7-12.
These are the most important functions of the third eye, and their origin is in the same knowledge of God: "This is eternal life, that they may know you the only true God", John 17:3. The third eye is the result of the exercise of contemplative activity, of the meditation focused in the attributes and perfections of God. For Thomas Aquinas, contemplative activity is the same vision of God, thence the bliss: "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God," Matthew 5:8.
For Aristotle, contemplation is related to wisdom and this is the most perfect activity, thence the greatest degree of happiness. In the Bible the third eye can only be opened by those who live the gift of godliness or Piety. Moreover, it is a fruit directly related with Piety: constancy, firmness, devotion, equanimity, stability. King Solomon who speaks with God in dreams (1 Kings 3: 5-12), the apostles who receive the holy spirit at Pentecost (Acts of the Apostles 2), are phenomena related with the opening of the third eye.

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    The latest version of the tractate in spanish retired from Editorial Dunken on July 11, 2014

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